# Double declining balance method formula Calculate and apply Finance Careers & Finance Graduate Schemes

As you decrease the amounts over time, the figure is subtracted from the book value. In a straight-line method, the same amount of depreciation is written off every year. For example, if an asset costs \$10,000, you can write off \$1,000 annually over ten years. In the case of an asset with a 10-year useful life, the depreciation expense in the first full year of the asset’s life will be 10/55 times the asset’s depreciable cost. The depreciation for the 2nd year will be 9/55 times the asset’s depreciable cost. This pattern will continue and the depreciation for the 10th year will be 1/55 times the asset’s depreciable cost.

• This is classically true with computer equipment, cell phones, and other high-tech items, which are generally useful earlier on but become less so as newer models are brought to market.
• So, if an asset cost \$1,000, you might write off \$100 every year for 10 years.
• Conversely, if the asset maintains its value better than expected, a switch to the straight-line method could be more appropriate in later years.
• Download the free Excel double declining balance template to play with the numbers and calculate double declining balance depreciation expense on your own!
• In simple terms, Book value is the cost you paid while purchasing the asset.
• However, it is crucial to note that tax regulations can vary from one jurisdiction to another.

By applying double declining-balance depreciation, we can obtain a higher tax deduction during the first years when we are not using a deduction for the fleet’s maintenance costs. Therefore, the first thing we should do is calculate the base depreciation rate. Remember, this would be the depreciation applied when using the straight-line method. The double-declining-balance (DDB) method, which is double declining balance method formula also referred to as the 200%-declining-balance method, is one of the accelerated methods of depreciation. DDB is an accelerated method because more depreciation expense is reported in the early years of an asset’s useful life and less depreciation expense in the later years. Depreciation is a crucial concept in business accounting, representing the gradual loss of value in an asset over time.

## Double-Declining Balance (DDB) Depreciation Method Definition With Formula

Residual value is the estimated salvage value at the end of the useful life of the asset. And the rate of depreciation is defined according to the estimated pattern of an asset’s use over its useful life. The biggest thing to be aware of when calculating the double declining balance method is to stop depreciating the asset when you arrive at the salvage value. That is less than the \$5,000 salvage value determined at the beginning of the asset’s useful life. Note, there is no depreciation expense in years 4 or 5 under the double declining balance method.

The latter two are considered accelerated depreciation methods because they can be used by a company to claim greater depreciation expense in the early years of the asset’s useful life. At the end of an asset’s useful life, the total accumulated depreciation adds up to the same amount under all depreciation methods. Accumulated depreciation is the sum of all previous years’ depreciation expenses taken over the life of an asset.

## The Double Declining Balance Method has several advantages:

That would give us the straight-line depreciation rate, which, in this case, would be 0.1 or 10%. If we apply it in the tax field, depreciation could be understood as the write-off of the value of an asset over different tax years. At the end of 10 years, the contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation will have a credit balance of \$110,000.

Under straight line depreciation, XYZ Company would recognize \$3,000 in depreciation expense each year. So, in the first year, the company would record a depreciation expense of \$4,000. As a result, at the end of the first year, the book value of the machinery would be reduced to \$6,000 (\$10,000 – \$4,000). On the other hand, another factor to remember is that predicting your income can be complicated. Balance sheets are not balanced when you apply a double-balancing method.

## Pros of the Double Declining Balance Method

While some accounting software applications have fixed asset and depreciation management capability, you’ll likely have to manually record a depreciation journal entry into your software application. While depreciation is used for calculating the descending costs of tangible assets, Amortization is used in the case of intangible assets. You get more money back in tax write-offs early on, which can help offset the cost of buying an asset.

The double declining balance depreciation method is a form of accelerated depreciation that doubles the regular depreciation approach. It is frequently used to depreciate fixed assets more heavily in the early years, which allows the company to defer income taxes to later years. The double-declining balance depreciation (DDB) method, also known as the reducing balance method, is one of two common methods a business uses to account for the expense of a long-lived asset. Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double-declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. Like the double declining balance method, the sum-of-the-years’ digits method is another accelerated depreciation method.

Depreciation is charged on the opening book value of the asset in the case of this method. Declining Balance Depreciation is an accelerated cost recovery (expensing) of an asset that expenses higher amounts at the start of an assets life and declining amounts as the class life passes. The amount used to determine the speed of the cost recovery is based on a percentage.

Then, we need to calculate the depreciation rate, explained under the next heading. In the next step, we need to multiply the beginning book value by twice the depreciation rate and deduct the depreciation expense from the beginning value to arrive at the remaining value. We will repeat a similar process each year throughout the asset’s useful life or until we reach the asset’s salvage value.